राज्यसेवा पूर्व परीक्षा २०१७ - Paper 2


Read the following passage and answer the questions from 46 to 50:
The town belonging to the colonized people, or at least the 'native town', the Negro village, the medina, the reservation, is a place of ill fame, peopled by men of evil repute. They are born there, it matters little where or how; they die there, it matters not where, nor how. The 'native town' is a hungry town, starved of bread, of meat, of shoes, of coal, of light. The native town is a crouching village, a town on its knees, a town wallowing in the mire... The look that the native turns on the settler's town is a look of lust, a look of envy... The colonized man is an envious man. And this the settler knows very well... It is true, for there is no native who does not dream at least once a day of setting himself up in the settler's place.
This world divided into compartments is inhabited by two different species. The originality of the colonial context is that economic reality, inequality, and the immense difference of ways of life never come to mask the human realities. When you examine at close quarters the colonial context, it is evident that what parcels out the world is to begin with the fact of belonging to or not belonging to a given race, a given species. In the colonies the economic substructure is also a superstructure. The cause is the consequence; you are rich because you are white, you are white because you are rich.
In the colonies, the foreigner coming from another country imposed his rule by means of guns and machines. In defiance of his successful transplantation, in spite of his appropriation, the settler still remains a foreigner. It is neither the act of owning factories, nor estates, nor a bank balance which distinguishes the governing classes. The governing race is first and foremost those who come from elsewhere, those who are unlike the original inhabitants, "the others”.

सविस्तर वाचा...

41. 

Why is the native town a hungry town ?

a. It did not have agricultural farms.

b. ft did not have markets.

c. The blacks were steeped in poverty.

d. They were denied their fundamental rights by the whites.

42. 

Why does the native look at the settler's town with envy?

a. It arises from a sense of desperation.

b. He has no other option in his life.

c. He wants to occupy a position of power.

d. He wants to be the colonizer instead of the colonized.

43. 

What is the settler's attitude towards the blacks?

a. The settler is not afraid.

b. The settler considers the blacks to be harmless.

c. The settler is contemptuous of the blacks.

d. The settler feels resentment because he knows that his position is never safe.

44. 

The statement 'you are rich because you are white' means

a. That your gender defines your status in the colony.

b. That your race defines your status in the colony.

c. The place that you come from defines your status in the colony.

d. The language that you speak defines your status in the colony.

45. 

In spite of seizing the land the settler always remains .

a. a native
b. an ally 

c. a foreigner
d. None of the above

46. 

Select logically appropriate option to replace the question mark.

47. 

Select the fold of transparent sheet X from the given options.

48. 

Study the information and relationship given and select the option that shows it.
x / y represents that x is the mother of y.
x - y represents that x is the brother of y.
x + y represents that x is the sister of y.
x x y represents that x is the daughter of y.
m + n -0x p/q

49. 

Select the logical option for the empty place.

50. 

Suma, Bano and Jack, each have prepared their own English alphabets, digits and other symbols series as follows:

 
They have devised a play of forming groups of three elements with the following rules. No element will be repeated, Bano is supposed to move alphabets by starting from the right end of her series, Jack is supposed to move elements of digital symbols from the left end of his series, and the last person will move other elements from the right end of her series. They moved their elements according to their serial order each time. Select the group that ends their play.

51. 

Study the map of roads that connect cities A, B, C, D and E as shown in the accompanying figure. Design the route such that you start from any city of your choice and walk on each of the seven routes once and only once, not necessarily returning to the city from which you had started. For a route that satisfy the given restriction, select the true statement from the given list. 

52. 

ertain game, the players have three chances during each turn to earn points. Each consecutive win awards more points than the previous win. The second win awards 100 points more than the first and the third win awards twice as many points as the second win. Lachhi won the maximum number of points during her turn and received a total of 700 points. Select the option which indicates the number of points that are first won.

53. 

Two students X' and 'Y' started walking from their school to reach their homes. They walked in directions opposite to each other for 15 km and then each one turned to his right and walked 2 km and reached home. What is the distance between their homes ?

54. 

Study the situation given with a blank and the list of words. Select the pair of words such that each of these when used for blank, fit the meaning of the description as a whole and produce completed descriptions having similar meaning.

The _____ life forms evolved naturally on the land made barren by volcano is strong evidence that humans, too might be able to inhabit the area in the distant future.

a. wilting

b. nascent

c. weaning

d. incipient

e. stagnant

55. 

 Three statements and conclusions based on these are given below. Select the appropriate option with valid conclusion/s. 

All Bs are Js. Some Cs are Js. All Ps are Cs.

Conclusions :

a. Some Cs are Bs.

b. No P is J.

c. Some Bs are Cs.

56. 

In a class, there are 15 boys and 10 girls. Three students are to be selected at random. The probability that 1 girl and 2 boys are selected is

57. 

You wanted to employ a hardworking gardener for your second home. Your friend gave names of the persons; Jeda, Muta and Haka and informed you that one always tells the truth, another tells the truth alternately and the third always lies.

After meeting them you asked, "Who among you is a gardener ?" Each one answered as follows :

Jeda : I am the gardener. Muta is a liar,

Muta : I am the gardener. Haka is a liar.

Haka : Muta is the gardener. Jeda is a liar.

Who is/are the gardener(s) ?

58. 

Select the odd option with respect to the role of the last sentence in the following paragraph :

Pluto's moon Charon may be significantly reducing the loss of atmosphere of the icy planet by creating a shield and redirecting much of the solar wind away. Pluto's relationship with Charon is one of the more unusual interactions in the solar system due to the moon's size and proximity. This moon is more than half of Pluto's diameter and orbits only 19,310 kilometres away. You know that our moon is three times closer to the Earth and as large as Mars.

59. 

Given below are two statements X and Y, and arguments related to these follow. Consider each of the arguments separately and select all that apply.

X. Drawings made by Leonardo da Vinci in 1508 of the internal parts of the human body shows mesentery as an organ.

Y. In January 2017, mesentery is declared as the new 79th organ of the human body by researchers by studying it in detail.

Argumments:

a. They can be considered as logically inconsistent since people were aware of presence of mesentery in 16th century and Vinci's drawing gives evidence of it

b. They can be considered as contradictory because though researchers declared mesentery as a new organ people knew its presence in the human body for at least 5 centuries.

C. They are complementary as researchers gave recognition to already known mesentery by calling it the 79th organ of the human body after studying it in detail.

60. 

The committee on sexual discrimination in the workplace has highlighted a certain
company as a chief offender. Of the twenty-five senior executives in the firm, only two are women. And of the fifty-eight junior executives, only ten are female The company could best defend itself against the charges by showing that

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